We need transformation and systems transition to manage the climate crisis2022-05-10 His Excellency Ambassador Conrod Hunte
• Thank you for convening this meeting. I am speaking on behalf of AOSIS and, in fact, calling in from Copenhagen. • Noting the time, let me recap several key points. • Colleagues, the resounding message from the IPCC AR6 reports, is that we must deliver nothing short of transformation – to paraphrase, transformation and system transitions in energy, coastal and freshwater ecosystems, infrastructure, industry and society – if we are to manage the climate crisis. • Without immediate and aggressive mitigation, we will have ineffective adaptation action, and an exponential increase in loss and damage. • We saw COP26 rally around 1.5°C, but today’s energy insecurity is cover for backtracking on pronounced ambition. The war is not an excuse to let 1.5 to slip out of reach. Energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 6% last year; nearly half of this increase was due to more coal. AOSIS calls for a system to track Glasgow decisions on phasing down coal and phasing out fossil fuel subsidies. • I remind you that even transient overshoot of 1.5 means catastrophic, irreversible impacts on small islands. The global architecture is a moral hazard, where each tonne of emissions adds to warming, but does not bear the cost to vulnerable peoples. • Loss and damage is political. The first Glasgow Dialogue is proposed for a technical level; it should be held at least among Ministers, if not higher. The topic of Loss and Damage financing has spun its wheels among technicians for 30 years. Political leadership is required. • On mitigation, current policies lead to 3.2-degrees of warming. Major economies need to ramp up ambition and implementation in tandem to counter hollow pledges. • AOSIS asks that all developed countries and major economies come to the UN General Assembly in September with renewed NDC ambition aligned to a 1.5-pathway with no overshoot, and concrete plans for net-zero, to inform the Synthesis Reports on Ambition. • The mitigation work programme should catalyze 1.5-alignment in sectors responsible for emissions, according to the IPCC, in order of priority: Energy supply (34%), Industry (24%), Agriculture and AFOLU (22%), Transport (15%), and Buildings (6%). We urge the COP Presidencies not to wait for COP27 to begin substantive work on the mitigation work programme. There is no time to delay. • Let us agree that 2023 will be the year global emissions decline, for the first time in modern history, without a worldwide pandemic shutdown. This does not require any new COP decisions: it requires action and follow-through. • On adaptation, the finance gap is large and growing, with needs outpacing scalingup plans. • Doubling adaptation finance is a good faith gesture, but AOSIS calls for a quantitative and time-bound delivery and tracking plan from developed countries by COP27, with clear burden sharing. • On finance, it is time to meet the $100bn. Developed countries should report pledges for 2022, before COP27. Finance commitments should total at least $100 billion. • We remind developed countries of their commitment to provide biennial finance projection reports for 2023-2024 and call for these prior to COP27. Submissions should outline support for SIDS in line with Articles 9(3) and 9(9) of the Paris Accord. • Simplified access to finance is a perennial call that goes unanswered. AOSIS recommends a concrete step: establish a forum for climate finance providers by 2023 to simplify and harmonize their procedures. • Finally, to accelerate financial alignment of the world economy’s $94 trillion – the third goal of the Paris Agreement – we should launch a dedicated work programme. • AOSIS will continue this messaging in the May Ministerial over the coming days in Copenhagen. Thanks for convening the meeting.
Sub Topic: Cross-cutting