The Union of the Comoros is particularly vulnerable, fragile and exposed to various natural hazards, in particular climate change and natural disasters, which have an obvious impact on its development. Moreover, the effects of climate change are already very visible and seriously jeopardise the development efforts undertaken by the country’s leaders.
With a population of 850,000 citizens, Comoros is making significant efforts to develop a strategic framework for sustainable growth and green development that is climate resilient and low carbon. Significant progress has been made, particularly in the areas of health, education and poverty reduction. Progress in the field of environmental management remains slow.
The country has an integrated development framework: the Accelerated Growth and Sustainable Development Strategy (SCA2D 2015-2019). It has been revised to take into account the commitments of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals.
Based on the vision of the new government to “make Comoros an emerging country by 2030, respectful of human rights, gender equality and promoting the rule of law” and the Five-Year Investment Program (PIQ) 2016-2021, the new version of SCA2D, aims to:
- strengthen the foundations for a structural transformation of the economy in order to generate sustainable, equitable and inclusive economic growth;
- improve the quality of life of the population and guarantee equitable access to basic social services;
- ensure the rational exploitation of natural resources while respecting the principles of sustainable development, while taking into account climate change;
- strengthen good governance and resilience in the face of political and institutional fragility and promote the rule of law and social cohesion.
The Union of the Comoros, a signatory to the UNFCCC, is keen to contribute to the international effort to combat global warming. It has adopted the National Policy, Strategy and Action Plan on Climate Change and developed a document on mainstreaming climate change into national policies, as well as a National Action Programme on Adaptation to Climate Change.
In order to ensure good coordination of activities related to climate change, the Directorate-General for the Environment has set up a National Climate Change Committee by ministerial decree. High-performance equipment is made available to the national meteorological services for better monitoring of climatic hazards. Vulnerability studies on climate change have also been carried out.
The Union of the Comoros has prepared three national communications on climate change, which outline various projects to strengthen climate resilience, including:
- enhancing climate resilience through watersheds and rehabilitated forests and adapted local development options;
- building the Comoran agricultural sector’s capacity and resilience to climate change;
- the Global Alliance Against Climate Change
- The Strengthening Comoros Resilience to the Hazards of Climate Change and Variability project
Below is a list of websites to key national institutions with responsibility for the following: