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[04:30 EDT] Enhancing Ambition: Regional opportunities for ambitious low-carbon development and adaptation (Africa, Asia, Europe)
The second of the regional discussions will focus on regional opportunities for ambitious low-carbon development and adaptation drawing on experiences across Africa, Asia and Europe.
This regional discussion will feature thematic breakout groups occurring in parallel.
Each will provide an interactive platform for national and regional experts, practitioners, private sector, indigenous peoples and local communities, to engage on thematic issues with a view to identifying challenges, opportunities and options to enhance action and support.
- Rueanna Haynes, Senior Legal Adviser and Team Lead AOSIS Support, Climate Analytics
- Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, Director of Health and Climate, World Health Organisation
- Nigel Topping, High Level Climate Champion, UK
Thematic Breakout Groups:
- Shifaana Thowfeeq, UN-OHRLLS
- Herman Sips, Lead Transport Decarbonisation Alliance, Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, The Netherlands
3. Adaptation and Building Resilience
- Emily Wilkinson, Senior Research Fellow, Overseas Development Institute
4. Financing Ambition
- Nigel Topping, High Level Climate Champion, UK
The climate emergency is primarily a fossil fuel induced challenge that demands systemic shifts to renewable energy sources. This segment will utilize illustrative examples from small island developing states and other actors of ambitious targets for energy transition, and take-stock of the challenges as well as opportunities from multiple perspectives including local communities, indigenous peoples, business, and government in relation to the availability and accessibility of renewable energy technologies and technical support to particularly vulnerable countries. It will also assess collective progress and examine potential pathways towards transitioning to cleaner energy systems.
Transport emissions accounted for approximately 14% of all GHG emissions and 24% of CO2 emissions in 2016. These emissions are projected to increase dramatically in the coming years. The IPCC estimates that the use of green energy sources for transport would have to increase 35-65% in 2050 in order to meet the emission pathway of 1.5°C. Options for reducing emissions are primarily increasing the fuel efficiency of the vehicle fleet for all forms of transport, and moving to electric vehicles for appropriate modes (e.g. car, trucks and trains). There are limited options to increase the adaptive capacity of transport. Despite known pathways to reduce emissions in vehicle transport, there are significant barriers to their uptake, particularly in small islands. This segment will seek to identity and clarify pathways for resilient transitions, including markers for ambition.
3. Adaptation and building resilience:
Coastal systems and low-lying areas are expected to experience increasingly adverse climate induced impacts such as submergence, coastal flooding, and coastal erosion due to relative sea level rise. While SIDS have shown remarkable ability to rebound post disaster, there is still substantial room to strengthen response mechanisms to both improve post-disaster resilience as well as enhancing domestic plans and policies to reflect the rising impacts of climate change. This segment will consider best practices from SIDS and other vulnerable developing countries in adaptation planning, stakeholder engagement, implementation and monitoring, including how these might be replicated. It will also seek to identify options for strengthening partnerships and investments to support greater adaptation ambition.
It is well known that the members of AOSIS, despite their low-emissions profile, are at the frontline of climate change and remain at the forefront of ambitious climate action. This level of ambition is intended to ensure their societies do not just adapt at the level of coping but minimize risk, boost resilience and underpin future prosperity. Access to finance is at the centre of most Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) developed by SIDs and low-lying coastal developing states. While financing from major climate funds, such as the Green Climate Fund (GCF), has increased over the last five years, it continues to fall short of needs. Moreover, the ramped-up ambition for new NDCs will require resources beyond current levels. This breakout session aims to address inadequate access to climate financing as a chief constraint to achieving Paris Climate Agreement goals, provide best-practice country examples on accessing climate finance, both domestic and international, private and public, from within AOSIS, and examine how the climate finance architecture can be improved to respond more effectively to the complex needs of the vulnerable, including during extreme events and periods of crisis.